Different Types of Bone Tumors

A lump or a mass can develop when cells in the body divide uncontrollably and abnormally.
The mass or lump that is formed is commonly referred to as tumor.
When the tumors develop in the bones, they are aptly called bone tumors.
If the tumor is not cancerous, they are called benign.
However, even if a bone tumor is considered benign, there is still the possibility that it will spread to other parts of the body.
That being said, treatment might still be required in some cases.
While considered generally harmless, there is always the likelihood of benign tumors to grow.
The growth can result to the compression of bone tissues that are healthy.
Unfortunately, not all bone tumors are benign.
Some bone tumors are malignant or cancerous.
Without proper medical attention and treatment, the cancer can end up spreading to other parts of the patient’s body.

Causes
While direct causes of bone tumors have not been identified, some of the possible culprits include genetics, bone injuries, and radiation treatments.

Symptoms
Some of the most prevalent symptoms that indicate bone tumors include:

  • Swelling (at the site of the tumor)
  • Dull ache (in the affected area)
  • Night sweats
  • Occasional pain (that may become constant and severe)
  • Fever

Benign Bone Tumors
Some of the most prevalent types of benign bone tumors include:

Giant Cell Tumor
This type of tumor can grow aggressively and often affects adults.
This kind of tumor also often develops in the rounded end of the bone.
Giant cell tumors are considered rare.

Osteochondromas
Among the different types of benign bone tumors, osteochondromas are considered one of the most prevalent.
This condition is so common that it accounts for as much as 40 percent of benign bone tumors.
Osteochondroma is common among teenagers and adolescents.

This kind of benign bone tumor often affects the humerus (upper end of the upper bone), tibia (upper end of the lower leg), and the femur (lower end of the thigh bone).

Echondroma
When a cartilage cyst develops in the bone marrow, an echondroma occurs.
The condition often affects the hands, feet, thigh, and the long bones of the arm.

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
This condition is primarily characterized by blood vessel abnormality.
However, aneurysmal bone cyst often starts in the bone marrow and can grow rapidly.
Aneurysmal bone cysts are also considered destructive as it may affect the growth plates.

Fibrous Dysplasia
This condition is attributed to a gene mutation that makes the bone fibrous.
When the bones become fibrous, they become more susceptible to fracture.

Nanossifying Fibroma Unicameral
This condition often develops in the leg and is considered the only true cyst of the bone.
It also often affects children and adolescents.

Malignant Bone Tumors
Chondrosarcoma
This type of bone tumor often affects middle-aged and older adults.
This kind of cancer generally develops in the hips, pelvis, and the shoulders.

Osteosarcoma
Commonly affects children and adolescents, this condition often develops in the knee, hips, and shoulder.
The condition is also called osteogenic sarcoma.

Secondary Bone Cancer
Secondary bone cancer means the cancer started someplace else in the body and eventually spread to the bone.
This condition is common among older adults.
Cancers that develop in the lung, prostate, breast, thyroid gland, and the kidney are the types that often spread to the bones.

Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors (ESFTs)
ESFTs often affects adolescents.
However, in some cases, the condition develops in children as young as 5 years of age.
The condition commonly starts in the ribs, upper arms, pelvis, backbone, and ribs.
Aside from the bones, the condition an also develop in the soft tissues like the blood vessels, fat, and the muscles.

ESFTs has been observed more common among women and has the tendency to spread rapidly.

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